Why high heels for women are needed

In addition to the influence of high heels for women on gait, Smith and Helms (1999) believe that wearing high-heeled shoes can make women more attractive by enhancing the contour of legs and ankles, reducing the perceived size of feet, highlighting the chest and buttocks, and increasing height. This will increase women’s confidence and therefore their charm.

However, there is little systematic empirical evidence to support this claim. To solve this problem, researchers from the University of Portsmouth in the K conducted a study.

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The results


In the results, observers generally believe that the point light display of high heels experimenters was more attractive than that of flat shoes experimenters. Women in flat shoes are also more likely to be mistakenly identified as men.

  • Wearing high heels also has a significant effect on gait. Compared with the flat heel condition, the subjects who walk with high heel condition have more female gait characteristics. Participants wearing high heels had smaller steps, more frequent steps, less knee flexion, but greater hip rotation and tilt. Walkers with lower body mass index were considered more attractive.
  • The final conclusion is that high heels for women will exaggerate the gender specific aspects of women’s gait, and women walking in high heels shoes may be regarded as extraordinary stimulation.
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Supernormal stimulus refers to non natural (such as artificial) stimuli that can effectively release specific behaviors of animals. Experiments with artificial female butterflies show that the color, size and shape of female butterflies have little influence on the behavior of male butterflies. But the distance between female butterflies and male butterflies, the form of movement, and the depth of wings and body spots of female butterflies have great influence on the chase response of male butterflies.

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It is also worth noting that the results show that high-heeled shoes are an important part of contemporary women’s wardrobe, because the minimum number of high-heeled shoes is 4 and the maximum number is 25.


However, wearing high heels can cause chronic injury and increase the possibility of accidental injury. Although wearing high-heeled shoes can damage the body, some people put forward the theory of evolution (Smith,Smith & Helms) to explain why women wear high-heeled shoes.